Infertility strikes nearly 1 out of every 6 couples. Infertility diagnosis is given to a couple who are unable to conceive in one year. When the problem prevails with the male partner it is referred to as male infertility. It contributes to approximately 30% of all infertility cases, and male infertility alone they run for approximately in one-fifth of all infertility cases.
- A hypothalamic or pituitary disorder (1-2%)
- Gonad disorder (30-40%)
- Sperm transport disorder (10-20%)
- Unknown causes (40-50%)
Male infertility normally occurs because of abnormal sperm, because of decreased numbers of sperm, or difficulties with ejaculation. Sperm can be deemed abnormal for two viable reasons: remarkably low number of the sperm or its low motility.