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Was it a Miscarriage? Yes, but not for a lifetime

When 29-year-old Niti Pal (name changed) suffered a miscarriage this March, there was nothing that could have prepared her for the irreparable loss. “I still cannot wrap my head around this incident. I don’t know how it happened. I was always so careful and concerned about it. It was something I couldn’t imagine on myself,” says Pal who was in her 21st week of pregnancy.

Sadly miscarriages, medically defined as loss of pregnancy during the first 23 weeks, have become a regular occurrence. This actually makes couple’s life worse that they from a long time longing to embrace the child of their dreams. And this loss of pregnancy is more common for women over 30. Dr Neema Sharma, senior consultant, obstetrics and gynaecology, Fortis Hospital, Delhi, explains, “In women under 30, 1 in 10 pregnancies can end in a miscarriage. For women aged 35-39, 2 in 10 pregnancies can end in miscarriage and in women over 45, more than half of all pregnancies can end in miscarriage”. These facts tell a lot about the complications arises after a mother conceives. Thus, it’s necessary to get regular checkups done periodically so that no harm should be caused to the foetus or we can say the new life breathing inside the womb of a mother.

General Overview about Miscarriage

Indeed, miscarriage is quite common and prevalent these days. It is such a pregnancy which ends spontaneously before the completion of 20 weeks. After the 20th week, the loss of a foetus is known as stillbirth.

Why Miscarriage Occurs?

There are thought to be several reasons as to why do miscarriage come about? Here are a few of them. Cast a glance at these below mentioned points:

  • Mother’s body may not make enough hormones which support a pregnancy such as progesterone or there could be something wrong with the placenta.

  • She might have a week cervix or exposed to some environmental chemical pollutants – cigarette smoke which arises the miscarriage risk.

  • With the number of previous pregnancies and aging factor, the risk pertaining to miscarriage eventually arises.

  • The fertilized egg might not be attached to the uterus wall or attached in the wrong place.

Top Miscarriage Symptoms

Cramps: The most common symptom of miscarriage is pain in the lower abdomen or the pelvic region. “Pain in this particular region could feel like a dull ache or period-like cramping,” says Dr Sharma. She advises that even a dull ache must be checked by the gynaecologist. In addition, blood spotting could also be an indication of a pregnancy loss.

Bleeding: Vaginal bleeding can be another symptom. Bleeding per vaginum, as it’s called, can be light spotting or a brownish discharge or heavy bleeding. “It could be continuous or irregular with the passage of blood clots or foetal tissue or discharge of fluid from your vagina,” says Dr (brig) R.K. Sharma, head of department, IVF, Primus Super Specialty Hospital, Delhi. However, light bleeding is normal during the first 12 weeks.

Abdominal pain: If you experience a sharp pain in the lower abdomen, it could be a sign of miscarriage. However, you may also feel discomfort because as the foetus grows, the body muscles stretch to accommodate it. But if you have one-sided pain, then it’s better to consult the gynaecologist.

Decrease in NVP: “You could experience a decrease in pregnancy-related symptoms such as nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) or breast pain,” says Dr (brig) Sharma. These symptoms are associated with a decreased risk of pregnancy loss. So, if you do not experience any of these or they abruptly stop, you must consult the gynecologist. However, remember that some women do not experience natural NVP during the entire tenure of their pregnancies.

No movement of Foetus: Usually, foetus movement is associated with the growth of the baby inside the womb. It is also a good indicator that pregnancy is going as desired. So, in case you stop experiencing foetal movements, you must consult the gynaecologist.

Remember, a miscarriage can have a profound emotional impact not only on the woman, but also on her partner, friends and family. “In such cases, woman needs constant emotional support. Physically, she must take prenatal vitamin or folic acid supplements on a daily basis, ideally on the beginning of few months before conception,” advises Dr Sharma.

The above mentioned explained about the causes and what provokes miscarriage. Now, these are the routine activities that do not let miscarriage crops up such as – exercising daily, having sex and working, provided you are not exposed to harmful radiation or chemicals.

At Dr RK Sharma IVF center, every patient matters and we have been able to reap excellent successful results where other centers have failed to do so.

We with our well-proficient team make sure that patients leave happily from their treatment. This would definitely help them leading a wonderful and peaceful life once again.